SecureMyi.com Security and Systems Management Newsletter for the IBM i             February 26, 2014 - Vol 4, Issue 3
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Feature Article

Do you Ever Really Log-Off?

By Dan Riehl - SecureMyi.com

Most of us run IBM i Access for Windows. That's the newest name for what we used to call PC Support, Client Access and iSeries Access. You probably use the Personal Communications PC5250 emulation software to provide your workstation sessions. You may also use the IBM i Navigator (Operations Navigator, iSeries Navigator) portion of IBM i Access for Windows.

There are several IBM supplied applications that are installed on your PC when you install IBM i Access for Windows. Included in these additional applications are the Remote Command facility, the ODBC Driver and various File Transfer programs and Service utilities. One critical piece of software that is installed is the command interface to Set or Flush the Signon Server cached User IDs and Passwords, which is the topic of our discussion here.

When you run IBM i Access functions on your PC that require communications with the host, you must first authenticate to the host. To accomplish this authentication, IBM provides the Signon Server GUI window where you provide your credentials(i.e. UserID and Password) as shown here.




Once you have successfully authenticated, your PC provides an open session to access the IBM i   Without any further authentication!   You can potentially transfer files, run remote commands, examine spooled files in IBM i Navigator, View and Change Database Records in Navigator, and more, without providing your logon credentials again.

I know this is scary stuff, but with IBM i Access for Windows, it's the nature of the "Ease of Use" in having cached credentials.

So, Do you Really Log-Off when you leave your desk to go to lunch or to go home for the day? Or, as most, do you only Log-Off of your Telnet Workstation session, and simply leave the fully authenticated connection open for file transfer, remote command, etc. This can allow for unsanctioned access to the IBM i for anyone that happens to 'Drive-by' your unattended PC? Since you will only get prompted to Log On to the Signon server after a PC Shutdown, IBM i Access for Windows serves as a continuously opened, and fully authenticated connection to your host system.

So, how can you remediate these exposures and deal with these potentially damaging vulnerabilities?

Read More..

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Security Shorts - Using QPWDRQDDIF with QPWDCHGBLK

                              to Enforce Stronger Password Protections

By Dan Riehl

The System Value QPWDRQDDIF has been available for many years as a means of forcing users to choose new or previously 'unused' passwords when changing their password. The number you specify for the System Value determines 'How many previous passwords are checked' to ensure that the new password has not been used, or not been used recently.

The number specified in the System Value corresponds to the number of previous passwords that are checked.

Value  Specified Number of previous passwords checked
0      0  No Previous passwords are checked, Can be the same
1      32
2      24
3      18
4      12
5      10
6      8
7      6
8      4

I always wonder at "technology" like that exhibited in this System Value. Why not just allow me to specify the number of previous passwords to check, instead of a number that corresponds to a number of previous passwords to check?

If I want to check the previous 6 passwords, I specify the number 7 for the System Value QPWDRQDDIF.   Who thought this up?

What if I want to check for the previous 5 passwords? It can't be done. hmmm.

In IBM i 6.1, IBM provided an additional system value that allows you to more strictly enforce the 'password difference' rule. The new system value is QPWDCHGBLK(Block Password Changes), which allows you to specify a number of hours in which a newly changed password cannot be changed again. A password change is temporarily blocked.

The shipped value is *NONE, which means that a newly changed password can be changed again immediately. That is also the behavior we have prior to 6.1. And that is where our users have taken advantage of the lack of a password change blocking mechanism.

Prior to 6.1, users can repeatedly change their password until they have exhausted your Password Difference System Value. Their goal, and the ultimate result is that they have been able to reset their password back to the same password that they have used for years. It's so much easier to remember, Ya Know?

The QPWDCHGBLK System Value allows you to enforce a timer which says 'You cannot change your password again for n number of hours'; where n is a number from 1 to 99. So, once a user has successfully changed their password, they are prohibited from changing their password again for the number of hours that you specify in the System Value.

For added security, a security administrator can always change a user's password using the CHGUSRPRF(Change User Profile) command. On another note; the password change block is not in effect when the user's password has been 'Set to Expired' using CHGUSRPRF.

The Password Change Block System Value can be overridden at the User Profile level using the PWDCHGBLK parameter of the CRTUSRPRF and CHGUSRPRF commands as shown here:

CRT/CHGUSRPRF USRPRF(MYUSER) PWDCHGBLK(*SYSVAL,   or a number 1-99)

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